If moving to Italy, you need to check your Italian healthcare eligibility. Individuals employed or self-employed within Italy are requested to register with the SSN, Italy’s National Healthcare Service, with the cost for treatment covered by tax contributions.
Italian Healthcare Eligibility : Contracts
Persons employed on a long-term basis remain enrolled with the SSN during the time they are employed, with those employed on a fixed term duration contract of no longer than a year eligible for cover during the entire duration of the contract. For longer-term contracts, annual renewal is required.
Any individual employed or self-employed while being an EU national with a seasonal (or three month or less) contract of work is also eligible, though not required to enrol with the ASL or contribute to the National Health Service. Employees who opt to enrol will have cover for the entire duration of their contract of employment.
Italian Healthcare Eligibility : Retirees
Retired persons who are citizens of the EU and a legal resident within Italy are permitted to register for Italian state health insurance for free, so long as they hold an S1 form. This form can be obtained from the former country of residence and their national health service. The S1 proves that all appropriate social security and taxes have been paid over in the prior country of residence and that the person has reached the acceptable retirement age while receiving a pension from the state. Retired individuals who do not possess an S1 form must seek and obtain private health insurance.
Italian Healthcare Eligibility : Recent Changes
As of 2014, UK citizens who undertake early retirement are no longer eligible for residual S1 forms; no longer entitled to a maximum of 30 months UK-funded healthcare when living in a fellow EU or EEA country.
Students from foreign countries who attend courses of study within Italy can be registered with the ASL (Italy’s local health trust) for their course duration. Registration costs are covered by the students home country.